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How children with hearing loss learn to read

Learning to read can be hard for some children with hearing loss.
Here are some reasons why children with hearing loss may have trouble reading:

  • It is harder for children with hearing loss to learn to read using phonics. Read this parent's advice for helping your child with hearing loss learn phonics!
  • It is harder for children with hearing loss to learn the rules of grammar and spelling. They can't hear the difference in the way the words sound.
  • Children with hearing loss may communicate in a language that's different from their family. It is important that families try to learn the language their child is using and share their language with their children.

But there is help.

  • Teaching your child to read is one of the most important things you can do as a parent.
  • There are different ways your child can learn to read.
  • You can teach him to read using manual communication, oral communication, or both.


  • No matter how you communicate, it's very important for your child to learn to read.
  • You need to choose the way that is the best for your child.
  • It might be one of the ways talked about in the next two sections.
  • It might be a combination of some or all of them.

Read about sign language and oral communication:

Learning to read using sign language

Learning to read using oral communication

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